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Indonesia Power, 20 Tahun Membangkitkan Listrik untuk Negeri

logo 20 tahun IP

Hari Sabtu 3 Oktober 2015 kemarin saya berkesempatan menghadiri undangan syukuran 20 Tahun Membangkitkan Listrik untuk Negeri dari PT Indonesia Power, perusahaan tempat saya berkarya saat ini. Acara ini dimeriahkan oleh sambutan para sesepuh pendiri dan pengurus perusahaan dari era kelahirannya sampai dengan saat ini, seperti Bapak Eddie Widiono, Firdaus Akmal, Abimanyu Suyoso, Tonny Agus Mulyantono, Djoko Hastowo, Supangkat Iwan Santoso, Antonius RT Artono, I Gusti Agung Ngurah Adnyana, Aries Mufti, beberapa di antaranya hadir di acara syukuran ini.

Perusahaan ini bersama induknya, PT PLN (Persero), dan saudaranya, PT Pembangkitan Jawa Bali (PJB), memiliki sejarah yang sangat panjang, diawali dari sejak jaman sebelum kemerdekaan sampai dengan saat ini. PT Indonesia Power bergerak di bisnis pembangkitan tenaga listrik, termasuk penyediaan jasa yang terkait melalui anak-anak perusahaannya, untuk dikirim ke sistem transmisi dan distribusi, sebelum listrik dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat. Boleh dibilang jika membicarakan penyediaan listrik di Indonesia, PT Indonesia Power dan PT PJB lah sebetulnya yang ada di balik layar yang mendukung PT PLN (Persero) dengan porsi pembangkitan tenaga listrik terbesar di Indonesia. Perusahaan ini boleh dibilang merupakan universitasnya ilmu pembangkitan listrik di Indonesia karena memiliki kompetensi pengelolaan berbagai jenis pembangkitan listrik berbahan bakar fosil maupun yang berasal dari sumber energi terbarukan (renewable resources), seperti PLTU batubara, PLTG, PLTGU minyak/gas, PLTD, PLTDG, PLTA, PLTMH, PLTP (geothermal / panas bumi).

Saya menyempatkan mengambil gambar poster-poster di acara tersebut yang menceritakan sejarah pembangkitan listrik di Indonesia yang terkait dengan perusahaan ini, yang saya tulis ulang berikut:

IMG_20151003_091949

1945-1960

  • Pengambilalihan Perusahaan Listrik dan Gas yang dikuasai Jepang setelah Proklamasi 17 Agustus 1945.
  • Dibentuknya Djawatan Listrik dan Gas dengan kapasitas listrik 157,5 MW pada tanggal 27 Oktober 1945 oleh Presiden Soekarno.
  • Kongres SBLGI Lasykar Listrik dan Gas pada bulan Mei 1947 di Malang.
  • Pengambilalihan perusahaan listrik ANIEM di Surabaya, pada tanggal 2 November 1954 oleh Ir. R.M. Koesoemaningrat dan Ir. F.J. Inkriwang.
  • Program Listrik Masuk Desa pada Hari Listrik Nasional tanggal 27 Oktober 1960.

IMG_20151003_092000

1961-1995

  • Pembentukan Badan Pimpinan Umum Perusahaan Listrik Negara (BPU-PLN) yang bergerak di bidang Listrik, Gas dan Kokas pada tanggal 1 Januari 1961.
  • Pembubaran BPU-PLN dan dibentuknya 2 Perusahaan Negara, yaitu Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) dan Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN) pada tanggal 1 Januari 1965.
  • Status Perusahaan Listrik Negara sebagai Perusahaan Umum Listrik Negara (PLN) pada tahun 1972.
  • Status PLN dari status Perusahaan Umum menjadi Perusahaan Perseroan (Persero) pada tanggal 16 Juni 1994.

IMG_20151003_092023

IMG_20151003_092017

1995-2000

  • Pendirian PT PLN Pembangkit Tenaga Listrik Jawa-Bali I (PLN PJB I) pada tanggal 3 Oktober 1995.
  • Perubahan nama PT PLN PJB I menjadi PT Indonesia Power (1 September 2000).
  • Pendirian anak perusahaan PT Artha Daya Coalindo (ADC) pada tanggal 21 Oktober 1997.
  • Pendirian anak perusahaan PT Cogindo Daya Bersama (CDB) pada tanggal 15 April 1998.
  • Pendirian anak perusahaan PT Rekadaya Elektrika (RE) pada tanggal 20 Oktober 2000.

IMG_20151003_092218

2006-2010

  • Penetapan sasaran untuk perwujudan Visi Perusahaan, yaitu mempertahankan dan meningkatkan kapasitas dan kinerja jangka panjang untuk kelangsungan dan pertumbuhan Perusahaan dengan “Landasan yang Kuat” dan penetapan target pencapaian 10% Perusahaan pembangkit kelas dunia di tahun 2015.
  • Pendirian anak perusahaan PT Indo Ridlatama Power (IRP) pada tanggal 20 September 2007.
  • Pendirian anak perusahaan PT Tangkuban Parahu Geothermal Power pada tanggal 1 Oktober 2009.
  • Pembentukan Unit Jasa Pembangkitan Banten 2 Labuan pada tanggal 11 Januari 2010.

IMG_20151003_092226

2011-2015

  • Transformasi menuju Operation & Maintenance (O&M) Excellence.
  • Penetapan target World Class Services (WCS) 2015.
  • Pengembangan portofolio usaha dan penetapan tahap pencapaian Visi Perusahaan melalui penetapan tujuan.
  • Menjalankan program strategis dan pengembangan organisasi Perusahaan 2013.
  • Pembentukan UJP Jabar 1 Pelabuhan Ratu pada tanggal 21 Februari 2011.
  • Pendirian anak Perusahaan PT Rajamandala Electric Power pada tanggal 14 Februari 2012.
  • Pendirian anak Perusahaan PT Perta Daya Gas pada tanggal 26 April 2012.
  • Pembentukan UJP Jateng 2 – Adipala 26 Juli 2013.
  • Pendirian anak Perusahaan PT Putra Indotenaga pada tanggal 20 Desember 2013.
  • Pembentukan UJP Pangkalan Susu pada tanggal 20 Januari 2014.
  • Pembentukan UPJP Bali pada tanggal 3 Maret 2014 yang mengelola pembangkit di kawasan Indonesia Timur yang terdiri dari:
    • PLTU Barru, Makassar
    • PLTP Ulumbu, NTT
    • PLTU Jeranjang, Lombok
    • PLTU Haultecamp, Papua
    • PLTU Ambon
    • PLTU Sanggau, Kalbar.

IMG_20151003_092116

Museum Listrik Taman Mini, 3 Oktober 2015, foto manajemen dan pegawai IP di tengah acara syukuran.

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PLTG CNG, Solusi Baru untuk Memperbaiki Keandalan SJB (Bagian 2: Peresmian CNG Plant Grati)

Seperti yang saya tulis setahun yang lalu, akhirnya proyek CNG Plant untuk memenuhi kebutuhan PLTG saat beban puncak (Peak Shaving) SJB selesai dibangun. Saya beruntung diundang hadir untuk ikut menyaksikan peresmiannya di PLTGU Grati, Pasuruan, Jawa Timur. Berita-beritanya di media cukup banyak, saya copaskan satu dari situs resmi PLN sbb:

PLN Operasikan CNG Plant Terbesar Di Dunia Untuk PLTGU Grati

PLN mengoperasikan Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) plant yang terbesar di Dunia dengan kapasitas 15 MMSCFD. CNG plant ini memiliki kemampuan menyalurkan gas untuk 3 unit gas turbin pembangkit listrik dengan total kapasitas 300 MW.

CNG PLTGU Grati

Direktur Utama PLN, Nur Pamudji (dua dari kanan) didampingi Direktur Utama PT Indonesia Power, Djoko Hastowo (paling kiri), Direktur Utama PT PJB, Susanto Purnomo (dua dari kiri) dan Dirut PT Enviromate Technology International (ETI), Awi Suriyanto (paling kanan) berbincang saat meninjau lokasi CNG usai peresmian Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Plant PLTGU Grati, Pasuruan, Jawa Timur, Jumat, 14 Juni 2013.

PLTGU/PLTG Grati terdiri dari 2 blok yang saat ini mendapatkan suplai gas sebesar 90 BBTUD dari Santos melalui sumur Oyong dan Wortel. Suplai gas ini sanggup memasok 3 gas turbin (combined cycle) blok 1 masing-masing sebesar 100 MW. Sedangkan blok 2 (open cycle) berfungsi sebagai pemikul beban puncak (peaker) menggunakan bahan bakar HSD.

Dengan adanya CNG Plant (Compressed Natural Gas), maka PT Indonesia Power akan bisa mengoperasikan blok 2 sebagai pemikul beban puncak tanpa menggunakan BBM.

Biaya pokok produksi listrik menggunakan BBM sekitar 2.800 rupiah per kWh, sementara jika menggunakan CNG, BPP-nya hanya sekitar Rp1.000/ kWh. Dengan produksi listrik PLTG Grati Blok 2 selama 4 sampai 5 jam per hari yang berkisar 1.200 s/d 1.500 MWh, maka potensi penghematan akibat pengurangan BBM ini kurang lebih 1 triliun rupiah per tahun.

Pengunaan bahan bakar gas melalui Fasilitas CNG juga berdampak signifikan dengan lingkungan hidup. Sumbangan terhadap penurunan emisi dunia dari pengoperasian CNG Plant PLTGU Grati Blok 2 diestimasikan sebagai berikut : sekitar 254 ribu ton CO2 per tahun, 126,5 ton kadar SO2 per tahun dan 3.500 ton kadar NO2 pertahun. PLN saat ini juga membangun CNG untuk PLTGU Gresik, PLTGU Tambak Lorok dan PLTGU Muara Tawar.

Berita yang lain:

PERESMIAN CNG PLANT UBP PERAK & GRATI

RI Punya Penampung CNG Terbesar di Dunia

Indonesia Power Resmikan CNG Plant

PLN Resmikan CNG Terbesar Di Dunia

PLN Saves Rp1.7 Trillion from CNG Storage

Indonesia Power’s IPO, to Be or Not to Be, That is Not the Question!

     

Pasuruan, July 2006  

Life… should be enjoyed. You do your daily job in the right manner and being nice with your comrades. When you come to the age of 56[3], you will receive your gratuity as the result of 30 years, maybe more…, of your work dedication to our company. You will look after your grandchild or you might still do your own business, when we enter our pension days. I myself plan to expand my current business in fruits plantation and inter-villages transportation.”  

“What do you mean by inter-villages transportation? What kind of business is that?”  

“Uh-uh, it’s simple. My business is to help people of one village to go to another village by public utility vehicle. I used Carry 1.0 as my armada.” 

“Wait a sec… Did you say “Carry 1.0″?”  

“Yup… Is there anything wrong with that?”  

“No, no… Do not get me wrong. I think you just want to explain to me that you are an “angkot” businessperson. I couldn’t be wrong this time, could I?”  

“Haha… You still missed a little this time, boy… Not “angkot”, but “angdes” = angkutan pedesaan = inter-villages public means of transportation. Although the four-wheel vehicles we used in village are the same kind with they used in town, as a businessperson I must say that they are different! If you are interested in my business, you can join me, boy… :)”  

  

This dialogue was the conversation between my senior and me a while ago. He has been working in PLN (now in Indonesia Power) for more than 25 years as an electric power plant operator. He is very rich if we use “an ordinary PLN employee” criteria. Imagine that he has 14 public cars (completed with the operational permits from DLLAJR), several acres of various fruits plantation (banana, mango, durian, avocado, rambutan, jackfruit for examples), and several cows in his ranch and dogs in his house to guard his properties… Ups! Just kidding, he loves animal, which is why he bred animals such as dog, cat, swan, cow, and goat.  

His family has a blue-blood background in Javanese culture and has many businesses long before Mr. Andi (the nickname he likes to use) entered the PLN 25 years ago. The conversation gives us a brief illustration about an ordinary PLN employee, which has a dream about his retirement days. Of course, not every employee is as lucky as he is. Many of us (including me) only rely on the company (PLN) as the only source of our living income. When the time or the age of 56 comes to us, we have to accept the reality that we must continue to survive our live with the pension money we get from our company. We should thank to God that our company, until now, still give us allowance for our health cares, including for the retired employees.  

Unfortunately, that would not last forever. The allowances for the retired employees depend on the company’s financial ability. Our company financial ability depends on the ability of the company to survive. In this globalization era, the competition between countries forces every country to use their best efforts to survive. In the past days, the government still supports its state-owned companies, since they are the locomotive for the development of the country. Now, BUMN (state-owned company) faces challenges that are more complex. Not only they have less support from the government, they must be more competitive than ever since the government cannot protect the markets. This is the consequence of the free trade market agreement, which is initiated by the WTO (World Trade Organization)[4]. Almost all countries in the world has already signed the treaty except a few isolated countries, such as Vietnam, North Korea. I do not say the communist would not join the treaty; People’s Republic of China (China mainland) in fact has joined the treaty since 2001[5] and has used the advantages to spread the markets of their products. We all know that “made in China” products has overwhelmed everywhere. As we know now, not only motorcycles are made by China, they also can produce electric power plant. Now we can see this China made-steam power plant in Cilacap[6], Central Java.  

This should wake all of us from our daydreaming. The dream about our PT Indonesia Power-full (IP) ability to dominate the Java-Bali electricity market share or that we will never get bankrupt. Statistics showed us that IP market share in Java Bali electric power grid tends to decrease from 57% to 46% in the last decade[7]. The growth of the IPP (Independent Power Producer) pushes IP market share. IP President Director, Mr. Abimanyu Suyoso, has given his vision about IPO (Initial Public Offering) to overcome this challenge recently. Here is the interview between him and the journalist from one foreign media:[8]  

The Unitedworld-USA journalist (UW):  

“You have indeed been a very stable organization in Indonesia while the market has been continually changing.”  

Mr. Abimanyu Suyoso (AS):  

“Our Initial Public Offering, planned for next year, will add great value to Indonesia Power, as it will increase the investor’s confidence in our company. I want Indonesia Power to be a top world-class company. Indonesia Power is already better than most of the North American Power companies in terms of operational performance.”  

UW:  

“Do you have a final message to our readers?”  

AS:  

“There are five reasons why investors should be interested in Indonesia Power. Firstly, electricity demand in Indonesia is booming. Secondly, Indonesia Power has outstanding operational performance. Thirdly, Indonesia Power has excellent financial records. Fourthly, we have plans to build an extensive network of new power plants. And finally, nobody knows the market better than we do.”  

An optimistic vision about IP future we can conclude from the conversation. IP Board of Director promotes IPO not only to the investors but also to our employees. Even though there are questions from several IP employees, the BOD seems to be very optimistic about IPO. The controversy about “the company sale” (terminology borrowed from some commoner employees) has been answered by the BOD. One crucial issue is about the possibility of company’s human resources restructurisation. In another words, they are afraid to be fired and lost their job. However, the BOD convinced us that the IPO would make the company more sustainable. Here is news from one mass media:  

“PT Indonesia Power, a subsidiary of the ailing state-owned electricity monopoly PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN), will launch its initial public offering (IPO) in the first half 2006. While the amount of shares to be floated yet to be decided, the company needs at least Rp6 trillion (US$600 million) to develop its power generating capacity to cope with increasing domestic demand for electricity which is estimated to grow 7%-9% per year. [9]  

Indonesia Power currently has 9,000 MW capacity and needs additional capacity 630 MW per year. With investment cost of US$100 million per 100 MW and capital expenditure available at US$25 million, the company is powerless. The company serves the lucrative Java and Bali market and has a 50 per cent market share. Fortunately, that most of its power plants are combined cycles, gas-fired, and coal-fired, which normally have lower production costs than diesel-fired power plants. Abimanyu Suyoso, president director of Indonesia Power, said the company has equity of Rp44 trillion. IPO would sell around 10% of the equity, which could reach Rp4.2 trillion. Loans are expected to fill the financing gap, as its debt to ratio is 20%. Roadshow to attract investors has been conducted in various cities such as Singapore, Los Angeles, Boston, and New York.[10]  

   

What is about a possible joint venture with private investors? Nope, Abimanyu said. IP needs IPO as the gate to financial market to change the company’s financial structure to, let say, 80% loans and 20% equity. Unlike its parent company, IP booked net profit in the last four years. In 2003, IP booked net profit of Rp1.21 trillion (around US$130 million). PLN booked net loss of US$450 million in the first half 2005.”[11]  

I am glad that Mr. Andi, my colleague I have mention above, and all employees could enjoy his pension days with the sustainable of our company’s life. We just hope that nothing goes wrong in our company’s decision in the future. Even though PT Indonesia Power IPO has been delayed for some reasons[12] (read about 10000 MW PLTU crash program project), the path of our company in the future has been defined. IP will be more efficient and accountable[13]. Not agony but happiness of the brighter future soon will be in reality.  

I dedicate this article to our senior employees who teach us, junior employees, with patience, trust and happiness.  


[1] Quoted from William Shakespeare’s play with a little additional word: The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (Act 3, Scene 1)  

[3] It is according to the 2006 Indonesia Power PKB (Perjanjian Kerja Bersama) as a normal pension.  

[4] For more information about WTO, click its website at http://www.wto.org/  

[5] Ibid  

[6] See http://www.apbi-icma.com/news.php?pid=1685&act=detail  

[7] See http://www.unitedworld-usa.com/reports/asean/indinterview.asp  

[8] Ibid  

[9] Quoted from http://yosef-ardi.blogspot.com/2005/12/indonesia-powerless-ipo.html  

[10] Ibid  

[11] Ibid  

[12] See http://www.kapanlagi.com/h/0000072293.html  

[13] Ibid (a statement from Deputy of State Owned Enterprises Ministry Republic of Indonesia)  

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